A Guinean army colonel seized control of state television on Sunday and declared that President Alpha Condé’s government had been dissolved and the West African nation’s borders will be closed, an announcement that came after hours of heavy gunfire erupted near the presidential palace.
The dramatic developments on Sunday bore all the hallmarks of a coup d’état. After seizing the airwaves, the mutinous soldiers vowed to restore democracy and gave themselves a name: the National Committee of Gathering and Development.
Condé’s whereabouts were not immediately known. Col. Mamadi Doumbouya, who spoke to the nation, made no mention of the 83-year-old president, whose popularity has plummeted since he sought a third term last year.
“The personalization of political life is over. We will no longer entrust politics to one man, we will entrust it to the people,” Doumbouya said, adding that the constitution would also be dissolved and borders closed for one week.
Duty to ‘save the country’
Doumbouya, who has headed a special forces unit in the military, said he was acting in the best interests of the country of more than 12.7 million people.
“The duty of a soldier is to save the country,” he said.
Heavy gunfire had erupted early Sunday near the presidential palace in the capital, Conakry, and went on for hours, sparking fears of a coup attempt.
A screengrab from a video shared on social media, but not yet authenticated, claimed to show Guinea’s president, Alpha Condé, detained by army special forces, in the capital, Conakry, on Sunday. (Social media video/Reuters)
The Defence Ministry later claimed that the attack had been repelled, but uncertainty grew when there was no sign of Condé on state television or radio.
Videos shared on social media showed Condé surrounded by army special forces on Sunday and presumably detained. The videos, which could not immediately be authenticated, were posted after gunfire near the palace left at least two civilians with gunshot wounds.
Condé faced mounting criticism ever since he sought a third term in office last year, saying the two-term limit didn’t apply to him because of a constitutional referendum he had put forth.
He was ultimately re-elected, but the move prompted violent street demonstrations in which the opposition said dozens were killed.
Condé came to power in 2010 in the country’s first democratic election since independence from France in 1958. Many saw his presidency as a fresh start for the country, which has been mired by decades of corrupt, authoritarian rule.
People look on as members of the Guinean Police National drive through the central neighbourhood of Kaloum in Conakry on Sunday after sustained gunfire was heard in the city. (Cellou Binani/AFP/Getty Images)
Opponents, though, say he has failed to improve the lives of Guineans, most of whom live in poverty despite the country’s vast mineral riches.
In 2011, he narrowly survived an assassination attempt after gunmen surrounded his home overnight and pounded his bedroom with rockets. Rocket-propelled grenades landed inside the compound, and one of his bodyguards was killed.
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